Tuesday, June 30, 2009

MIND-BLOWING MUSHROOMS: 10 Unique mushrooms from around the world

1. Take a drag from the devil’s cigar




Unique Characteristics:
• The Devils Cigar is said to be the world's rarest fungi.
It has only been discoverd in less than five sites in the world.
• It produces a distinct whistle sound when releasing it’s spores.

A star-shaped mushroom, called the Devil’s Cigar (Chorioactis geaster) is one of the worlds rarest fungi. This fungi had been detected only in central Texas, two remote locations in Japan, and most recently in the mountains of Nara.

The Devil’s Cigar is a dark brown cigar-shaped capsule that transforms into a tan-coloured star when it splits open to release its spores. It is also one of only a few known fungi that produce a distinct whistle sound when releasing it’s spores.

In October 2006 Masakuni Kimura, curator of a natural history museum in the town of Kawakami, first encountered twelve Devil’s Cigars growing from a dead oak tree near a mountain stream at an elevation of 470 meters. Nearly a year later he discovered four more mushrooms when he and a colleague returned to the site. At all the sites where the Devil’s Cigar was founded, they were observed growing on dead oak trees near a stream. The fungus is included on the red list of threatened species published by Japan’s Environment Ministry.

www.pinktentacle.com


2. Shrooms that squiggle and stinks





This is a very interesting fungi, called the Octopus stinkhorn (Clathrus columnatus). They all have a foul-smelling slime covering part of the fruiting body. With the odor of fresh dog feces, the stinkhorn attracts green bottle flies to dispers. The octopus stinkhorn with its branched fingers belongs to the Clathraceae family. The dark colored slime clings to the inside of the structure and smells like something died.

They are indigenous to Australia and Tasmania and an introduced species in Europe and North America. The young fungus erupts from a suberumpent egg by forming into four to seven elongated slender arms initially erect and attached at the top. The arms then unfold to reveal a pinkish-red interiour covered with a dark-olive spore-containing gleba.

en.wikipedia.org

3. The Sea Anemone fungus




Aseroƫ rubra, commonly known as the Anemone Stinkhorn or Sea Anemone fungus, is a widespread Australian fungus. Just like the octopus stinkhorn it is recognizable for its foul odour of carrion and its unique anemone shape. Found in gardens on mulch and in grassy areas, it resembles a red star-shaped structure covered in brownish slime on a white stalk. It attracts flies, which spread its spores.

en.wikipedia.org


4. Bird's Nest fungi




Unique Characteristics:
Bird's Nest fungi look like small bird's nests complete with eggs.
The Bird's Nest fungi use the hydraulic pressure of water to disperse their peridioles: the cup is the right shape and size that when the water hits the bottom of the cup it splashes out with enough force to disperse the peridioles up to a meter away.

Bird's Nest fungi
belong to the family Nidulariaceae with the most common genera in New Zealand are Nidula, Cyathus, and Crucibulum. As bird's nest fungi are decomposers of organic material, they are found most often in New Zealand on decaying wood, small twigs, tree fern debris and sometimes on animal dung. In urban environments they often be found in sawdust, woodchip, or well enriched soil, and landscaping timber.

As their common name suggests they look like small bird's nests complete with eggs. The nest is a splash cup which is light to dark brown or white on the outside and white, grey or brown on the inside, this depending on species. With smooth flaring sides between 4 to 10 mm in diameter and 6 to 20 mm in height, again depending on species Immature Bird Nest have a cap over the top of the splash cup to protect the eggs, which brakes away at maturity.

The Bird's Nest fungi use the hydraulic pressure of water to disperse their peridioles. This is achieved by rainwater or water dripping off foliage above, dripping into the splash cup. This cup is the right shape and size that when the water hits the bottom of the cup it splashes out with enough force to disperse the peridioles up to a meter away. When the peridioles land on a solid object, like a leaf or twig they stick to it by one of two ways depending on the species.

www.hiddenforest.co.nz

5. Fungi with flare




The mushrooms are part of the genus Mycena, a group that includes about 500 species worldwide. Of these only 33 are known to be bioluminescent—capable of producing light through a chemical reaction. Ten bioluminescent fungi species—four of which are new to science—was discovered in Brazil's tropical forests.

nationalgeographic.com

6. The Bleeding Tooth fungus




Hydnellum peckii is a common, inedible fungus, also known as bleeding tooth fungus, often found beneath conifers. It possesses a funnel-shaped cap, and is best known for "bleeding" a red liquid. This liquid contains a mushroom pigment called atromentin, which has anticoagulant properties similar to heparin. Its normal cap diameter is between 5 and 15 cm (2-6 in).


http://en.wikipedia.org


7. The Earthstar




The Geastrum saccatum or Earthstar is a small but beautiful mushroom that features a round spore case sitting atop a star with 4-9 arms. These odd mushrooms resemble cookies, laying scattered on the dark forest floor. Like the puffball, when ripe, the center sac gives off a puff of spores when poked. They grow gregariously under hardwoods or conifers; often appearing around stumps; spring through fall. These are widespread throughout North America.

www.mushroomexpert.com

8. The Black Trumphet

Unique Characteristics:
Black Trumpet (Craterllus Cornucopioides), is considered a great delicacy, being one of the most eagerly sought-after choice wild edible mushrooms.
• The mushroom has a fruity taste simular to the taste of apricots
• In France the Black Trumpet is sometimes referred to as "la viande des pauvres" meaning "poor people's meat", because of its plenitude in difficult economic times and is much favored there.

The fragrent and often abundent Black Chanterelle or Black Trumpet (Craterellus fallax) is a popular mushroom in French cusine because of it's unique flavor and texture. Its habitat is throughout the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere as well as southeastern Australia. This mushroom does not typically grow on wood.

www.dried-mushrooms.us

9. The Cedar-apple Rust fungus

The cedar-apple rust fungus (G. juniperi-virginianae) forms light brown to reddish or chocolate brown galls in the leaf axils of infected Juniperus species. These galls are not very noticeable until wet weather occurs in the spring, when they produce orange gelatinous "horns", turning the galls into slimy, spiky balls. Spores produced in the slime travel by wind to infect the apple or hawthorn host.

The fungus infects the apple or hawthorn plant in the spring, producing bright orange spots on the tops of leaves, hence the name "rust". The spots enlarge, and by the end of the summer the underside of each spot contains long, spiny eruptions from which spores are produced. Spores from these eruptions do not re-infect the apple or hawthorn, but rather infect the cedar host, completing the life cycle.

www.ipm.iastate.edu

10 . A brain on a stem

This weird-looking but beautifully colored species of mushroom resembles a human brain. False Morels as it is popularly known, is widely distributed across Europe and North America. It normally grows in sandy soils under coniferous trees, in spring and early summer. Although potentially fatal if eaten raw, it is a popular delicacy in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe, and the upper Great lakes region of North America.

www.bukisa.com

27 comments:

  1. This was awesome, thankyou :)

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  2. I have the squiggle and stink mushrooms in my garden, the first orange one in #2. I dont know if they are poisonous. What can i do to get rid of them? THEY SMELL LIKE A DEAD ANIMAL

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  3. i have some mushrooms in my dads backyard...idk what kind..look simalar to black trumpets...more flat top...

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  4. I was amazed with these new discovered mushrooms. Mind-blowing! =D

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  5. I found a cedar-apple rust fungus on a 4' cedar on the north side of Columbus Oh. I'd never heard of it or seen it before. It looks just like some kind of sea anemone.

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  6. amusing colours and shapes of fungi is a wonder of nature.
    i too found bird's nest fungi and earth stars in our campus.

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  7. there's weird things going on in the world these days....

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  8. I found a sea Anemone fungus in my backyard this morning, it is the most disgusting thing i have ever seen in my life.

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  9. mushrooms tast like poop

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  10. totally amazin ...!!!

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  11. I have just found 2 Earthstars in my garden. Never seen them before and have worked my garden for 34 years. Old Woking, Surrey, UK. 18th October 2010. Brian

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  12. Just found a Devil's Cigar on our place in Sandy, Texas.

    Here's a photo.

    http://web.me.com/blueskize/Plant_Lists/Texas_Star_Fungus.html#0

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  13. there is a shroom called the "monkey head mushroom"

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  14. We have the sea anemone fungi in our garden at the moment in Henderson Valley, Auckland, New Zealand. So glad we know what it is now :)

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    1. My neighbor found two sea anemone fungi growing separately, about 200 feet apart, in Macon, Georgia, US, this spring. We have been trying to identify it ever since, but nobody here has ever seen one.

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    2. I've found the brain on a stem in Scotland today and wonder how to cook it? Thanks

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  15. i have the aseroe ruba ( sea anemone fungus ) in my yard

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  16. i have the aseroe ruba ( sea anemone fungus ) in my yard

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  17. We have found the Octopus Stinkhorn in Fairfield, Dunedin NZ.

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  18. I retired to central Florida and noticed during the year the star-shaped fungi (earth Star) growing in my backyard lawn. I think the squirrels must be eating them as I have often seen them rummaging through the grass and eating something. I don't know what else they might be looking for. They are kind of cool!

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  19. Awesome! The mushroom you're calling a false morel is something that grew everywhere in the forest where I grew up in northern Michigan, smack dab in the middle of the Manistee National Forest near Cadillac, MI. My grandmother called them "beef steak" mushrooms, and would toss them in flour, fry them in butter and eat with salt and pepper! I hate mushrooms, but these pictures really brought me back! Thanks!

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  20. found starshaped mushroom in forest in NM which "moves around" to water like an animal. saw pic of astraeus hygrometricus but thought the name i originally heard for it to have "l"s in it almost like alstromeria or astrol-something. any help?

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  21. I wish I could see just one of those shroom. They just look amazing.

    psilocybe cubensis syringe

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  22. Wow! That may be the most awesome thing I have ever seen. I love the grow your own mushrooms thing.
    And nothing like making some fresh mushroom risotto straight from your own mushroom garden, huh? Very nice.
    spore syringe

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  23. What would happen if you ate one of these???? .-.

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    Replies
    1. TT^TT my yard... its covard in death caps how do get rid of it

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  24. The fungi look soooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo weird

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