The Bio-lung is a wall covered with living vegetation, and is said to be the biggest 'green wall' in the world, measuring 150 meters long and 15 meters high. The name Bio-lung was intended to communicate that this kind of structure can use the power of plants to function like a lung for cities. Over 200,000 individual plants of 200 different species, including vines, colorful flowers and fruits is part of the Bio-lung.
2. Green tapestry at Changi Airport, Singapore
Singapore landscape architect Tierra created the ,Green Tapestry, at Terminal 3 at Changi Airport. The wall spans 300 meters across the middle of the voluminous interior. The suspended I-beams and stainless steel cable structure is covered with vines, creepers and epiphytes. The 'green Tapestry' can be seen from departure and arrival areas.
3. Parabienta Green Wall, Japan
Another 'green' wonder of Japan. Shimizu, one of Japan's great construction dynasties has developed a rather impressive and affordable 'green' wall at 80,000 yen per square metre. This 'wall surface afforestation system' (parabienta) is light, can be designed in different patterns and grids, and cools the building significantly.
4. Edouard Francois 'Flower Tower' in Paris
I wasn't really sure if this one belongs in the green wall or green roof category, but none the less, it is worth mentioning somewhere. Francois is a green architect and the creator of this unconvencional apartment tower in Paris. The building features flower pots built in at each level to surround and shade the entire structure.
5. Ann Demeulemeester Shop, Seoul, South Korea
The Ann Demeulemeester shop in Seoul, South Korea, features undulating living walls made from a geo-textile that is planted with herbaceous perennials. The green look is even carried into the interior of the store. Mass Studies, the Korean architecture firm responsible for the design, wanted to incorporate nature into what can often be cold retail environments.
6. Edificio Consorcio, Santiago, Chile
Architects Enrique Browne and Borja Huidobro are the creators of The Consorcio in Santiago, Chile. It is one of the world’s most eco-friendly office complexes. It uses up to 48% less energy thanks to the vegetation climbing up its exterior walls, which turns red in autumn.
7. Harmonia 57, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Harmonia 57 by French-Brazilian architects Triptyque is an office building in São Paulo, Brazil, with a planted facade irrigated by a mist system.
Plants grow in 'pores' set into the concrete facade and will eventually cover the building. The pipelines that serve the whole building, as well as the pumps and the water treatment system; are showing in the exterior walls, embracing them like veins and arteries of a body.
The building is rough and has a primitive elegance; a reflex of the actual concern with environmental issues and the investigation of new ways of intervention.
8. Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy, Paris
The Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy in Paris opened in 1984. It was designed by Andrault-Parat and Prouvé, Guvan. It is the venue for the Paris Masters ATP Tour tennis tournament and for many sports as well as rock concerts. The seating varies from 7,000 to 17,000, depending on the event. Bercy has an original and modern pyramid shape and is completely covered by lawns.
9. The Moss Room, San Francisco
The atmosphere at The Moss Room Restaurant in San Francisco is certainly unlike any other. Diners descend into a subterranean room, housed within the Academy of Sciences, that has a unique feature: a wall covered in moss. Designed by Olle Lundberg, the restaurant features a 40-foot living wall that draws moisture from a large water tank in which African jumping fish will reportedly soon live.
10. CaixaForum Museum, Madrid
Patric Blanc designed the beautiful vertical garden on the exterior walls of the CaixaForum in Madrid. More than 15,000 plants from more than 250 species cover an entire side of the historical building, built in 1899.
The plants are arranged in such a way that they form a painterly design, with arches of color creating a sense of movement. It is 24 metres high and takes up one wall of the square in front of the building. It has 15,000 plants of 250 different species and has become an instant drawing card to the area.
11. Emporium Shopping Centre in Bangkok
Another example of Patrick Blanc’s stunning green walls, the Siam Paragon shopping center in Bangkok Thailand features a lush, rainforest-like cascade of ferns, vines, sedum and moss in various shades of green, yellow, red and purple.
This elevator in Bangkok's Emporium shopping center stretches vertical horticulture to a height of more than 30m (98 ft.). Such heights pose challenges to upkeep: Twice a year, the plants are cut back and the irrigation mechanism and wall framework are inspected.
12. Restaurant Japonez in Mexico
Restaurant Japonez offers hungry souls searching for Asian-inspired dishes a serene landscape seated between a stunning living wall, wood, and an incredible glass enclosure. Designed by Serrano Cherrem Architects.
13. Musee du Quai Branly in Paris
The building was designed by architect Jean Nouvel. The "living wall" (200m long by 12m tall) on part of the exterior of the museum was designed and planted by Gilles Clément and Patrick Blanc. The "living wall" at installation was quite healthy and vibrant, however, over time, the inadequate support system for the plants roots, irrigation and drainage have become visually evident. The museum complex contains several buildings, as well as a mediatheque and a garden.
14. The Living Wall in the Qantas First Lounge, Sydney
Marc Newson, together with associate architects Sébastien Segers and Woods Bagot, is responsible for the stunning experience that is the Qantas First Lounge.There are 8,500 plants in the 2000 square metre Sydney Airport lounge, 280 square metres of which is greenery. It goes to show that you don't need a lot of space to make sure that nature and plant-life is close by.
15. Shuhei Endo Stadium, Hyogo, Japan
The continuous surface of roof and wall is covered with plants on artificial soil in which the bark of Japanese cedar and cypress are mixed. Mixed soil with plant seeds of 10 kinds is sprayed on the slant of 70°in maximum. At the beginning of the spraying, the state of the surface was just black soil.
Normally large interior space requires artificial lighting even during day time. Here, it obtains the required illumination by providing three large top light to reduce the energy consumption of artificial lighting. Shading seal was pasted on the glass to reduce the temperature increase by direct rays of sun, in addition to this, louver openings are installed for gravitational ventilation around the top lights.